It’s estimated over 82% of all internet traffic will be consumed using video by the year 2021. So it’s no surprise the demand for videography skills is high. What’s more, content creators who want to share their thoughts, interests or insights are also looking to video to share information with their audience.
While photographs still play a role in the industry, it’s natural and expected that most photographers would also want to transition into motion and videos.
If you’re a photographer and you want to transition into the world of video, now’s the time! Here are some tips to make your transition easier.
1. Know Your Frame Rates
At its simplest, a video is simply running multiple exposures each second. The higher the number of exposures recorded, the smoother your footage will look. The number of exposures is called the frame rate per second or fps. The most common frame rates used are 24 fps, 25 fps, 30 fps and 60 frames per second.
Depending on your choice of frame rate, you will get a different look and feel to your footage. For instance, for that cinematic quality you see in films, 24 or 25 fps is often used. Meanwhile, shooting in 60 or 50 fps will give you a more fluid motion, mimicking how human vision views motion. It’s a great frame rate to use as well if you’re shooting fast-moving scenes or objects and you want to play it in slow motion afterward.
The standard frame rate used also varies depending on where you live. In countries like North America, Korea or Japan, the frame rates are usually 24, 60 and 30 fps.
2. Make Your Shutter Speed Match The Frame Rate
In order to get a good amount of motion blur in videos, you need to set your shutter speed to be at least double your frame rate. For instance, setting your shooting at 30 fps means you need to at least set your shutter speed to 1/60. When shooting on 24 fps, your shutter has to be on 1/48. If your camera doesn’t have the exact setting, then just go with the closest shutter speed you have.
3. Learn to Use Manual Mode
Since each video clip is longer than a second, the changes to exposure will be seen by the viewer. If so, it might prove distracting and would make the shot unbearable to watch. As a beginner in video production, it’s best to set your focus, ISO, aperture, and shutter manually before you start recording. Afterward, allow the action to move as is.
The great thing with camera technology these days, especially with DSLR and most mirrorless cameras, is you already have a large enough sensor to give you that “cinematic” depth of field.
4. Always Keep Your Camera Steady
Camera movement, while it looks great in any scene, isn’t the best starting point if you’re a beginner transitioning into video. If you want to incorporate motion, learn by keeping the camera steady first even in the most basic motions. A simple camera pan – left or right movements – isn’t as easy. This goes the same for tilting movements as well. Focus on obtaining quality shots first by doing the basic motions before moving forward from there.
5. Have a Sturdy Video Tripod
Handheld shooting seems like the “in” thing for a lot of newbie videographers, but again, it’s crucial to master the basics first. This means grabbing a tripod, mounting your camera and leaving it alone to record untouched for at least 10 seconds when you take your shot. There’s also a lot of basic photography skills you need to discard when shooting video. Like for instance, video isn’t meant to be straightened or cropped after it’s shot. While it’s possible, it’s good practice to frame your shot and make sure it’s level and steady from the get-go.
Learning to shoot video requires trial and error, just like when you were first learning photography. The more you practice, the better you become at it. So, if you’re intent in becoming a better videographer, work in video content production or even start a video production company in the future, challenge yourself to shoot video whenever possible. This will help you improve faster, not to mention expand your skillset and creativity.